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BIOL 253 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (2,3,3)
This course describes the structure relating them to the physiology of important biological functions and processes within the mammalian body. Cells and tissues in mammals. Relations of tissue structure to function. Physiology of respiration (carriage of gases). Feeding and digestion. Circulatory systems and cardiovascular diseases.
MATH 153 Statistical Methods I (2,0,2)
Basic concept of statistics; statistical methods; descriptive statistics, organisation and presentation of data; numerical measures; central tendency; dispersion; position; skew ness; kurtosis; probability; random experiments; probability laws; computation of probability of single events; application of permutation and combination; counting techniques in probability.
BIOL 251 Basic Microbiology (2,3,3)
The course introduces students to the science of microbiology; nature and kinds of microorganisms. Microbial morphology, anatomy, nutrition and growth. In vitro culture of microorganisms; their isolation, staining and characterisation. Bacterial classification. Introduction to bacteriophage and the nature of viruses.
SOC 251 Introduction to Sociology I (2,0,2)
Analysis of the concept of Sociology, the sociological orientation and the social sciences. Context for the origin of sociology. Origins of sociology (contributions of Comte, Durkhim, Spencer, Marx and Webber). Sociological Methods: Research methods and techniques of data collection. Focus on Key Terms and Concepts in sociology. Sociology. Socialization (Man in Nature verses man in society). Inequalities in society.
ENGL 263 Literature in English I (1,0,1)
Literature as poetry: What is a poem, and its characteristics? Difference between a poem and a song. The figure of speech and the literary device. Practical Appreciation. Texts to be studied: selected African and English poems. Literature as Drama: What is a play, and its characteristics. Drama as Theatre. Shakespeare. The Modern play. Texts to be studied: one Shakespeare play and one Modern African play.
OPT 251 Ocular Anatomy & Physiology I (2,2,3)
Gross structure of the visual apparatus; the orbit, its contents and related structures. Specific anatomy, physiology and histology of all parts: lids, cornea, sclera, choroid, iris lens, retina, humours, lacrimal apparatus. Cranial nerves, extra ocular muscles, embryology of the eye and associated structures.
OPT 253 Ophthalmic Optics I (2,0,2)
The visual system, the eye as a body organ, the eye as an optical instrument, a photo sensor, the eye and (brain) as data processor. Visual perception, the eyes optical system, the eye and the camera. The laws of optical image formation (Real and virtual image formation) Refraction at a spherical surface, power and vergence.
BIOL 254 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (2,3,3)
This course describes the physiology underlying the important biological structures and functions and applies them to the understanding of disease of specific organ systems. Urinary systems, excretion and osmoregulation. Disorders of salt and water balance. Heat balance and regulation of body temperature. Nervous and muscular systems-the nerve impulse. Neuromuscular transmission. Reproductive systems-organ structures. Reproductive hormones.
SOC 252 Introduction to Sociology II (2,0,3)
The nature and functions of social institutions. Institutions in comparative perspectives. Family, Kinship and marriage patterns. Religion as a social institution. Political arrangements. Education, employment opportunities and the world of work. Population structure, social change and social problems and their management.
BIOL 252 Microbial Ecology (2,3,3)
The course introduces students to the diversity of microbial environment: terrestrial aquatic and atmospheric. Bio films. Strategies for survival: role of stationary phase, spore formation and entry into the viable but non-cultural stage. Survival of individual and multiple stresses (UVB, acid etc.) Interactions involving microorganisms: microbe-microbe, microbe-plant and microbe-animal.
MATH 154 Statistical Methods II (2,0,2)
Averages and variations; mode, median and mean; measures of variation; mean and standard deviation of grouped data; percentiles and Box-and-Whiskers plots; random variables and probability distribution; binomial distribution; Poisson distribution; normal distribution; statistical influences.
ENGL 264 Literature in English II (1,0,1)
Continuation of ENGL 263. Literature as Narrative. Traditional (19th Century) Narrative. Contemporary Narrative. The African Novel. Texts to be studied: One African Novel and One English Novel.
OPT 252 Ocular Anatomy & Physiology II (2,2,3)
The physiology of the eye. Functions of the eye lids, lacrimal apparatus, conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, anterior and posterior chambers, iris, lens, ciliary muscle, vitreous, retina, choroid and optic nerve. Production and drainage of extra and intra ocular fluids. Intra ocular pressure, metabolism.
OPT 254 Ophthalmic Optics II (2,0,2)
The thin lens, Reflection, Transverse Magnification, angles and prisms power, Image formation by the eye. The role of the cornea, the anterior chamber, and pupil the crystalline lens, the retina. Refractive errors. Form sense and resolving power of the eye. Accommodation and accommodative mechanisms.